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Understanding the Hard Water Concepts and How Softeners Work

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A water softener can be described as a filtration system, that is a device or any substance used to soften hard water by removing some minerals like magnesium and calcium. When water is passed through a water softener, the hard water minerals are filtered out and the softened water flows out of the system. Hard water contains a very high concentration of magnesium and calcium. These two bond so easily with other metals because of their chemical structure. When the two minerals come in contact with metals, they easily bond leaving behind some residue. An example is the residue you find in a shower head. Actually, that is how hard water got its name, from the hardened residues the water leaves on metals.

Hard water has a lot of negative effects and can cause lasting effects through where it flows. When left over a long period of time, the residue accumulates and can clog pipes and block water from flowing. Nevertheless, the mineral deposits can build up in other appliances like boilers or hot water heaters making them inefficient to use. Hard water also reduces soap’s to easily lather. This makes it difficult for anything being washed to rinse leaving behind a white chalky residue on clothes, dishes, hair, car etc. another mineral called ferrous iron causes rust stains that are found on tubs, sinks as well as bath tubs. Hydrogen Sulfide gas associated with hard water causes water to have an irritating smell of rotten eggs. These inconveniences make it difficult for the daily usage of water, domestic or industrial. The problems above can all be removed by softening the water using quality water treatment systems. A Home Water Softener overland park ks removes all these substances using special plastic beads and then cleans itself through regeneration. It consists of three main components:

A mineral tank– this is the place where actual softening takes place. The filtration process takes place here removing calcium and magnesium. Consists of plastic or resin beads made of polystyrene. The beads have a negative charge attracting calcium and magnesium minerals which are positively charged. The law of charges is applied here, making opposite charges to attract. This results to magnesium and calcium being removed from the water and deposited in the resin beads. That simple.

Brine tank– this is the main storage of a highly concentrated salt solution called brine, as the name suggests. Since sodium is transmitted into the drinking water, potassium solution can also be used. Potassium is considered environmentally friendly and it doesn’t affect one’s health and their septic system.

Control valve– a valve involved in controlling the amount of water in and out of the softer system during regeneration. It acts as a ‘traffic cop’ in the system. It decides when the time for the resin beads coated with magnesium and calcium is to be washed. Latest systems use meters that are controlled by a computer to determine when the water is fit for consumption. The resin beads are cleaned through a process called regeneration and consists of backwashing, recharging and rinsing.

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